Performance ingredients often referred as “active ingredients” play a major role when it comes to tackling your skin concerns and maintaining healthy skin. They actually cause the changes in the skin’s appearance. Ingredient knowledge will help you search for what products will work best for you. These are the tops performance ingredients you should be looking out for.
Antioxidants are the most effective treatments for anti-aging in the skin. They are natural substances that neutralize oxidation in the skin. If you have issues with aging and sun damaged skin, antioxidants are what you should be looking for in products. It prevents wrinkles and sun spots. Some common antioxidants are vitamins, amino acids, DMAE, Alpha lipoic acid, Coenzyme Q10, green tea and grapeseed.
Brighteners and lighteners are ingredients that are used to either bleach or lighten the upper layers of the skin. This is good for those with hyperpigmentation. These ingredients actually lift the darker pigment area to a lighter color.
Some lightening or brightening ingredients are hydroquinone, vitamin c, bearberry, green tea extract, kojic acid, arbutin, and alpha hydroxy and beta hydroxy acids.
Exfoliants removes the dead skin cells from the top layer of the skin. Mechanical exfoliants are added to scraped off the dead skin cells while chemical exfoliants work by loosening the bonds between your skin cells in the epidermis.
Some common exfoliating ingredients are glycolic, lactic, malic and citric acids, AHAs and BHAs. Exfoliants improve the skin’s appearance, softens rough skin, lightens pigmented areas and heals areas that are prone to breakouts. Once the dead skin cells are removed the skin can absorb product easily.
Enzymes are designed to soften, smooth and help maintain hydration in the skin. Some enzymes are pancreatin, papain, and bromelain.
Healing ingredients are performance ingredients that heals damaged skin. So burns, bruises, sores and scars will need healing ingredients like chamomile, licorice, and aloe.
If you have dehydrated skin, hydraters and moisturizers can help with that. They are ingredients that attract water to the skin’s surface and lock it in. Hydraters replenishes moisture into the surface of the skin keeping the skin hydrated. Some great hydraters are glycerin, sorbitol, seaweed extract, algae extract, propylene glycol and hyaluronic acid.
Lipids & Peptides
Lipids are used to improve hydration, plumpness and the smoothness in the skin. They make the skin more resistant to irritants and dehydration. Peptides are used in skin care products to produce changes in the skin’s appearance.
They have been shown to help aging skin by enhancing cellular metabolism which strengthens the skin’s natural ability to protects itself from damage caused by the environment. Some common lipid ingredients are sphingolipids, phospholipids, glycosphingolipids.